The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a wide variety of material related to Rosa Parks, including photographs and documents. This guide compiles links to Rosa Parks resources throughout the Library of Congress Web pages. In addition, this guide provides links to external Web sites focusing on Rosa Parks and a bibliography containing selections for both general and younger readers.
Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
Rosa Parks Papers, 1866-2006
The collection documents many aspects of Parks's private life and public activism on behalf of civil rights for African Americans. The articles and essays section includes:
African-American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
This exhibition showcases the incomparable African American collections of the Library of Congress. Rosa Parks's role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott is mentioned in the Civil Rights section.
Rosa Parks was arrested for Civil Disobedience December 1, 1955
(Personal voices from the Library of Congress: compelling stories & fascinating facts.)
In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress
Inside the Rosa Parks Collection
Library of CongressLooking Back on the Bus Boycott
Pics of the Week: Auntie Rosa Remembered
Pics of the Week: Honoring Rosa Parks
A Sense of Purpose: Organizing the Rosa Parks Collection
Teaching with the Library of Congress
Happy Birthday to Rosa Parks!
The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom
This exhibition, which commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, explores the events that shaped the civil rights movement, as well as the far-reaching impact the act had on a changing society.
“With an Even Hand”: Brown v. Board at Fifty
This exhibition includes a photograph of Rosa Parks being fingerprinted as well images of her arrest record.
Manuscript Division Finding Aids Online
Access the finding aid for the papers of Rosa Parks in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
"Family of Rosa Parks to Discuss Her Legacy"
May 12, 2015
"Rosa Parks Collection Opens to Researchers Feb. 4""Co-Founder of Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development To Share Recollections of Civil Rights Icon"
February 3, 2015
January 9, 2015
"Rosa Parks’ Papers to Reside at Library of Congress"
September 9, 2014
Prints and Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)
Search PPOC using the subject heading Parks, Rosa,--1913-2005 to find digital images related to Parks.
Features and Activities
From Slavery to Civil Rights: A Timeline of African-American History
This interactive activity introduces African-American history through primary sources, including an image of Rosa Parks seated on the bus.`
This feature presentation introduces teachers and students to the topic of Immigration. Rosa Parks is mentioned in the Social Revolution section of the presentation.
Students identify problems and issues facing African Americans immediately after Reconstruction using text-based sources.
Segregation: From Jim Crow to Linda Brown
Students explore the era of legalized segregation. This lesson provides a foundation for a more meaningful understanding of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Professional DevelopmentRosa Parks: A Primary Source Gallery
This gallery showcases a selection of items from the Rosa Parks Collection at the Library of Congress, which is on loan to the Library for 10 years from the Howard G. Buffett Foundation. This collection contains thousands of items that document the life, work, and legacy of this civil-rights legend.
Explore the fight for voting rights as well as the racial history of the United States in sports and schools. Study maps, baseball cards and political cartoons as well as pamphlets, legal documents, poetry, music, and the personal correspondence and oral histories of the famous and the ordinary.
January 15, 1929
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., twentieth-century America's most compelling and effective civil rights leader, was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia.
December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring blacks to relinquish bus seats to whites.
March 7, 1965
Civil Rights demonstrators begin a march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, on a date now known as "Bloody Sunday."
Web Guides produced by the Digital Reference Section of the Library of Congress
African American Sites in the Digital Collections
This guide highlights contributions by African Americans to the arts, education, industry, literature, politics and much more as represented in the vast online collections of the Library. Rosa Parks is included in the Post War United States section.
Civil Rights Resource Guide
This guide compiles links to civil rights resources throughout the Library of Congress Web site and beyond.
Rosa Parks: Beyond the Bus
Three associates of Rosa Parks give first-hand accounts of Mrs. Parks' life and legacy after her historical arrest.
Rosa Parks Collection: Telling Her Story at the Library of Congress
Highlights of the collection of Rosa Parks, a seminal figure of the Civil Rights Movement, on loan to the Library from the Howard G. Buffett Foundation for 10 years.
The portal includes an article about Rosa Parks entitled "She Sat Down for What She Believed."
Academy of Achievement: Rosa Parks
The Academy of Achievement site contains a profile, biography, interview, and photo gallery for Rosa Parks.
Henry Ford Museum: Rosa Parks Bus
This site includes information about Rosa Parks and the story behind the bus in which she made history.
National Public Radio: Civil Rights Icon Rosa Parks Dies
The National Public Radio (NPR) site contains a featured story about the death of Rosa Parks. The story includes links to interviews relating to Rosa Parks.
National Women's Hall of Fame: Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1993.
The Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development
The Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development was co-founded in February 1987 by Mrs. Rosa Parks and Ms. Elaine Eason Steele, in honor of Raymond Parks (1903 – 1977). It is the living legacy of two individuals who committed their lives to civil and human rights. The site includes a biography, photo gallery, and timeline.
Teaching With Documents: An Act of Courage, The Arrest Records of Rosa Parks, from the National Archives and Records Administration
The site includes lesson resources pertaining to the arrest of Rosa Parks.
Troy University: Rosa Parks Library and Museum
The site includes information about the life of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Wayne State University, Walter P. Reuther Library
Access the finding aid for the Rosa L. Parks Papers, 1955-1976 in the Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs.
Brinkley, Douglas. Rosa Parks. New York: Viking, 2000. [Catalog Record]
Haskins, Jim and Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks: My Story. New York: Dial Books, 1992. [Catalog Record]
Parks, Rosa and Gregory Reed. Quiet Strength: The Faith, the Hope, and the Heart of a Woman Who Changed a Nation. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1994. [Catalog Record]
Siegel, Beatrice. The Year They Walked: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. New York: Four Winds Press; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1992. [Catalog Record]
Baker, Courtney. Let’s Read About--Rosa Parks. New York: Scholastic/Cartwheel Books, 2004. [Catalog Record]
Banting, Erinn. Rosa Parks. New York: Weigl Publishers, 2006. [Catalog Record]
Dubowski, Cathy E. Rosa Parks: Don’t Give In! New York: Bearport Publishing, 2006. [Catalog Record]
Edwards, Pamela D. The Bus Ride That Changed History: The Story of Rosa Parks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. [Catalog Record]
Hull, Mary. Rosa Parks: Civil Rights Leader. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2005. [Catalog Record]
Morris, Roz. Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement. Birmingham, AL: Seacoast Publishing., 2003. [Catalog Record]
Parks, Rosa and Gregory J. Reed. Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue with Today’s Youth. New York: Lee & Low Books, 1996. [Catalog Record]
Schraff, Anne. Rosa Parks: "Tired of Giving In". Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2005. [Catalog Record]
Shores, Erika L. Rosa Parks: Civil Rights Pioneer. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 2005. [Catalog Record]
Steele, Philip. Rosa Parks and Her Protest for Civil Rights. North Mankato, MN: Smart Apple Media, 2003. [Catalog Record]
Timeline Description: Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement". This timeline outlines the major events that happened during the lifetime of Rosa Parks.
|1913||Rosa Parks was born |
Rosa Louis McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4th. Her parents were James and Leona McCauley. James was a carpenter and Leona was a schoolteacher.
Rosa married Raymond Parks, a barber, on December 18th. She was 19 years old.
|1943||Forced off of segregated bus |
Rosa Parks bravely refused to give up her seat to a white man and is ejected from a racially segregated bus. She becomes secretary of the Montgomery NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization formed to promote use of the courts to restore the legal rights of black Americans).
|1946||Race Riots |
The U.S. Supreme Court banned segregation in interstate bus travel on June 3rd. Race riots occur in Alabama and Pennsylvania. The National Committee on Civil Rights is created by President Harry Truman to investigate racism in America on December 5th.
|1954||Racial Segregation in Schools Unconstitutional |
The United States Supreme Court ruled on May 17th that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
|1955||Rosa Parks arrested |
In August, Rosa meets Martin Luther King, Jr. On December 1st, Rosa is arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for not giving her seat to a white passenger on the bus. On December 5th, she stands trial and is found guilty of breaking the segregation laws. The Montgomery bus boycott begins which will last 381 days.
|1956||Buses desegregated |
On December 21st, the Montgomery buses become desegregated and black passengers could legally take any seat on the city's buses.
|1957||Rosa moves |
Rosa, her husband, and her mother move to Detroit where she works as a seamstress. In January the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is created to form a strategy for ending segregation. Martin Luther King is elected president. Congress of the United States passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
|1963||"I Have a Dream" speech |
Rosa attends Martin Luther's famous "I Have a Dream" speech delivered at the Lincoln Memorial on August 28th. Rosa Parks speaks at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). President John F. Kennedy is assassinated on November 22nd.
|1979||Rosa receives award |
Rosa Parks was awarded the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP.
|1980||Awarded the Martin Luther King Jr. Award |
The Detroit News and Detroit Public Schools establish the Rosa Parks Scholarship Foundation, honoring the 25th anniversary of her stand in Montgomery.
|1992||First Book |
Rosa publishes her first autobiography, "Rosa Parks My Story." She was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award.
|1999||Awarded the Congressional Gold Medal |
President Bill Clinton awarded Rosa with the 250th Congressional Gold Medal, the highest honor a civilian can receive in the United States. Rosa Parks meets with the Pope in St. Louis and reads a statement to the Pope asking for racial healing.
|2005||Rosa Parks dies |
Rosa Parks dies in her Detroit home on October 24th. Rosa Parks' funeral service, seven hours long, was held at the Greater Grace Temple Church on November 2nd. She died of progressive dementia.
Statue of Rosa Parks was placed in National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.