A geography degree can be a bachelor of arts (BA) or a bachelor of science (BSc). In many cases a course labelled as a BA will focus on the social, economic, cultural and historical elements of geography. A course labelled as a BSc will typically focus on the natural aspects of geography.
Geography degree entry requirements
Entry requirements vary depending on the type of course you are applying for. Courses that focus on human geography typically require either geography or a humanities subject at A level, Scottish Higher or equivalent. Courses that focus on physical geography often ask for either geography or a science subject. General studies and critical thinking are usually not included as part of university offers.
Ellen Drysdale, who graduated from Durham University in 2016 with a 2.1 in geography, found that the base knowledge she had from her geography A level was helpful but that the style of teaching and the content were very different so it was not essential.
Mark Rallings, who graduated from Plymouth University in 2014 with a 2.1 in geography, found that his maths A level helped him in his geography degree.
BA human geography degree, or BSc physical geography?
Some degrees cover both physical and human geography. Many others focus on one or the other: BA courses tend to cover human geography and BSc courses tend to focus on physical geography but check individual course details carefully.
Alexander Reeves, who graduated from Queen Mary, University of London in 2012 with a 2.1 in geography, found that his modules in first year were relatively fixed. It was in second year that he was asked to choose whether he would follow a more human or physical path.
Studying geography at uni – modules and field trips
There is a wide range of choices in modules for geography degrees, but the details of modules tend to be tailored to the expertise of the lecturers. Some examples of module topics are:
- climatology (the forming of different climates)
- biogeography and soils
- environment and development
- fluvial and marine environments
- human activity and environmental change
Ellen said: 'I really enjoyed my political geography modules because they focused on political events in modern history alongside contemporary political events (for example the Arab Spring, the refugee crisis and the Paris terrorist attacks). I found studying the effects they had in terms of national and international response and the movement and displacement of people really interesting as it was all happening at the time.'
Alex’s favourite modules were the ones that involved field trips: 'I was very lucky in that I got to go to LA and Las Vegas in my second year to study new cities and how the American model differs to that of the UK. I also went to Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland in third year, where we looked at the relationship between the north, the south and the rest of the UK. There was also an option to go to India and look at the development of NICs (newly industrialised countries) but sadly I didn’t choose that module. These trips definitely helped to bring the course to life.'
What teaching methods are used on a geography degree?
Teaching methods vary from university to university but the following elements are typical.
- Most modules will involve a one or two-hour lecture every week where you listen to a lecturer and take notes.
- You will usually also have tutorials (discussions led by a lecturer or PhD student), or seminars (interactive classes led by a lecturer).
- Geography degrees commonly include compulsory field trips; these are sometimes fully or partially subsidised but it is advisable to check this with individual universities.
- It is common to have laboratory sessions to analyse findings from field work.
- Most universities have the option to do a dissertation (or in some instances it is compulsory) as part of a geography degree. This is a large written project, ranging from 6,000 to 12,000 words, on a title of your choosing. You will be assigned a supervisor who is knowledgeable in the area you are investigating to support you throughout the process.
How many contact hours will I have on a geography degree?
Contact hours vary from around 10 hours to 15 hours a week (although the higher end of that is more applicable to BScs). However, fewer contact hours does not mean less work; you will be expected to study outside of your contact hours. Mark found that his self-study increased with each year of his degree, while his contact hours diminished.
Alex advises that students who wish to study geography need a good drive to work in their own time as self-study is a crucial element of the course.
Degrees similar to geography
Alternatives to studying physical geography often involve specialising in one particular area. They include:
- environmental geoscience
Human geography is considered to have some crossover with subjects such as:
- international relations
After your geography degree – jobs you can do
You can choose from a wide range of jobs with a geography degree. If you want a career in geography after graduation there are lots of roles where you can put your knowledge to good use, but if you fancy a change there are plenty of alternatives.
Careers in geography
Jobs directly related to geography include:
- Cartography: studying, designing, producing and distributing digital and conventional maps, charts, spreadsheets and diagrams for public sector and commercial customers.
- Environmental consultancy: ensuring that clients comply with environmental regulations.
- International aid work: managing and developing emergency response programmes within areas that have been subject to war, natural disasters or other environmental or developmental problems.
- Landscape architecture: planning, designing, overseeing and advising about the development and construction of external land areas such as gardens, parks and recreational areas, and residential, commercial and industrial sites.
- Logistics and distribution management: coordinating the storage, transportation and delivery of goods.
- Nature conservation: managing, protecting and improving areas of environmental importance through conservation work, publicity and scientific monitoring.
- Town and country planning: organising our environment to make it a better place in which to live.
- Transportation planning: assessing public, private and commercial transportation needs and analysing and devising new road or transportation schemes.
- Water conservation: monitoring, managing, protecting and improving environmental areas where groundwater is critical, such as wetland habitats, and taking action where required to rectify problems.
Some of these jobs require specific postgraduate qualifications. For more detailed job descriptions, visit the job descriptions page of TARGETjobs, our website aimed at graduates.
What else can you do with a geography degree?
Many careers are open to graduates with any degree subject. See our guide to which jobs need a specific degree for more information.
Geography degrees are considered challenging and academic by employers so they are well respected – though the grade you get and the university you attend will affect this.
‘Why study geography at university?’ Skills you'll gain
A geography degree will help you to develop some useful skills that will help in many jobs, whether or not you want a career in geography.
- Geography degrees often involve giving presentations; this is good for confidence in public speaking and verbal communication.
- Essay writing is a large part of geography degrees, which improves your research and written communication skills. It is also good practice for working to deadlines.
- The fieldwork modules and (if you opt for it) the dissertation module may involve interviewing people. Interviewing is a skill in itself but it is also good practice in collecting and analysing qualitative and quantitative data, and combining these results with wider readings to make acute observations and draw meaningful conclusions.
- Group projects also tend to feature at least once a year in geography degrees; these are good practice for working in a team and dealing with people you wouldn’t necessarily choose to work with.
Quick stats – what do geography graduates do after university?
This is what the Destination of Leavers from Higher Education survey revealed about geography graduates six months after graduation in 2014:
- 17.8% were in further study compared with 12.1% of all students
- 5.8% were unemployed compared with 6.3% of all students
- 3% were working overseas compared with 1.9% of all students
Of those who were in work, 20.2% had jobs in business, HR and finance, 14.1% had jobs in marketing, PR and sales, and 13.9% had jobs in retail, catering, waiting and bar work, among many other types of jobs.
Of those who were in further study, 59.1% were taking masters and 26.7% were studying for teaching qualifications. More geography students went on to further study than the national average; this may reflect the fact that many geography-related professions require postgraduate qualifications.
Graduates’ advice on studying geography at university
Research individual geography courses carefully
Ellen, who is looking into applying for travel marketing or advertising jobs, advises that students should do a lot of research into individual courses to find out about module choices and funding. She also warns that there is absolutely no colouring in: 'I didn’t crack open my colouring pencils once in three years!'
Geography degrees involve lots of self-learning
Mark, who is now a distribution and investment consultant for a financial services agency, advises that students who are considering studying geography should be prepared to work to deadlines, do a lot of research and self-teach.
Think beyond your geography course
Alex went into a career in politics after studying a masters in global politics and law. He is now working as a parliamentary officer; he negotiates between parliamentarians and those in industry. Alex’s advice is to always try to focus on your next step because geography is such a broad subject. He says: 'Geography is great because it keeps a lot of options open to you and offers a wide range of transferable skills. However, further study may be needed in order to specialise and get into the field you want to.'
Alex adds: 'The prime minister, Theresa May, has a degree in geography, so see how far it can get you!'
This piece is mainly targeted at 3rd year Geographers, or really keen 1st and 2nd years! You’re currently going through the process of having to figure out what on earth you’re going to write your dissertation on. It’s scary! Don’t worry! But here are some tips from 4th years, that they may not have told you in Research and Design.
- You don’t need to have your dissertation sorted by the first week of semester. Ignore the ‘come to lectures with your dissertation in one sentence’. This does NOT have to be your final idea! Its just trying to get you thinking about what topics you’ve liked to study so far in geography, or what issues in society you’re interested in.
- It will take you about a month to finally figure out what topic you want to do. This also does not mean you will actually have a question or aims sorted out. Don’t worry! The fact that you have a topic is fantastic, but what you want to specifically do with your dissertation will probably change several times before you start writing. After mulling over it for a while, you’ll eventually figure out a few questions and aims you want to address when you write your proposal.
- Read the news. I found my dissertation topic because my mum showed me article on Coeliac Disease in America. Others have figured out what they want to do by talking to people. Read normal books, read academic books, think about holidays you’ve been on, think about what you did in 1st year, think about where you work, think about things you are an advocate for, think about what research your lecturers are doing right now. One day it’ll just click, and you’ll have your dissertation topic.
- Do something that will inspire you. Say to yourself, if I write this dissertation, will it change Geography? Granted, your undergrad dissertation isn’t suppose to solve world peace, but what would you like it to do when its finished? Do you want it to be published in a scientific journal, do you want to challenge particular issues of society, or do you just want to show off that you wrote 12,000 words? What ever it is, make sure you have a final goal.
- You can change your topic after you proposal. It will be more effort because you will have already read for the previous topic, but it does not mean you can’t change. Whilst doing your research you may find something you want to focus on instead of what you initially thought. That’s fine! Just email your supervisor and get their opinion on how you should progress. On that note, also do most of your data collection in summer. Some of you may have internships, or be going on holiday, or may not have anything planned. But what ever you are doing, you will thank yourself in the future for doing your research during the holidays.
Finally, good luck! Try not to panic because you will figure out a topic. Years upon years of graduates have gone through the same process as you right now, and they’ve all turned out pretty fine. And if you need any help, the 4th years and GeogSoc are more than happy to talk – just drop us an email or Facebook message and we’ll help the best we can!